AFRICAN UNION UNION AFRICAINE UNIÃO AFRICANA African Commission on Human & Peoples’ Rights Commission Africaine des Droits de l’Homme & des Peuples No. 31 Bijilo Annex Lay-out, Kombo North District, Western Region, P. O. Box 673, Banjul, The Gambia Tel: (220) (220) 441 05 05 /441 05 06, Fax: (220) 441 05 04 E-mail:; Web Concluding Observations and Recommendations on the 4th and 5th Periodic Report of the Republic of Sudan Part I: Introduction 1. The Republic of Sudan (Sudan) is a State Party to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the African Charter) having ratified the African Charter on 18 February 1986. 2.Sudan presented its Initial Report to the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the African Commission) during its 21st Ordinary Session held from 15 to 24 April 1997, in Nouakchott, Mauritania. Sudan’s Second Periodic Report was presented at the 33rd Ordinary Session of the African Commission held from 15 to 29 May 2003 in Niamey, Niger. Its Third Periodic Report was presented during the 45th Ordinary Session, held from 13 to 27 May 2009 in Banjul, The Gambia. 3.The present Concluding Observations follow the presentation and examination of the Fourth and Fifth Periodic Report of Sudan at the 51st Ordinary Session of the African Commission, held from 18 April to 2 May 2012, in Banjul, The Gambia. The Report covers human rights development in the country between 2008 to 2012 and highlights the developments that have taken place in the areas of human and peoples’ rights and measures put in place with a view to implementing the country’s obligations under the African Charter since its last Periodic Report. 4. The Report was presented to the African Commission by Dr Mahmoud Dnadma, Head of Legal Department; Mr Mohieldin Salim Ahmed Ibrahim, Ambassador; Mr Ehab Abdelhamid, Police Officer; Alameldin Hamid, Legal Expert; Ensaf Mohmed Ali, Legal advisor, Ministry of Justice; Ms Nabwia Osman Awad, Ministry of Justice; Howaida Suliman Elhagmohmed, Legal Officer, Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Tungo, Muaz Ahmed, Advisory Council of Human Rights; Mr Osman Mohamed Musa, Political Parities Council and Mr Ahmed Gangari, the Human Rights Unit. 5.The present Concluding Observations highlight the constructive and positive factors identified in the Report, outlines areas of concerns based on 1

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